Contamination of the world’s oceans due to marine debris, especially human- engineered materials, is a global problem and a challenge for many countries, especially those with coastal communities. Currently, more than 1.2 trillion plastic bags are used every year around the world for daily needs. About 2 million plastic bags are used every minute worldwide and around 32 million tonnes of plastic waste are generated annually, representing 12.7% of total solid waste. Every resident in Indonesia produces an average of 800 plastic bags per year. This means that the use of plastic has become a necessity for humans. However, it is not balanced with a reduction or how it can be reused. Poor waste management, especially in developing countries, is one problem/challenge that must be addressed by the government. Almost all developing countries do not have complete infrastructures and legal regulations for waste management. For example, in a country like Indonesia, the recycling rate of waste is low at under 50%. The awareness not to litter is also a cause for concern. Garbage is easily found in gutters, roads, rivers, and coasts.
Based on that challenge, Prof. Zuzy Anna Director of SDGs Center UNPAD conducted a research in Kepulauan Seribu, DKI Jakarta. This research funded by Universitas Padjadjaran (ALG-grants) from 2020-2023. The research is focus on socio-economic impact caused by marine debris, ecology, and testing the Floating Artifical Debris (FAD). The team from ALG Unpad (Zuzy Anna, Noir P Purba, and Ibnu Faizal) collaborate with Diver Clean Action (DCA) conducted one day seminar at Pulau Pramuka in 15 september 2020. From the seminar, there are community that already engage to recycle the trash. In other case, Kepulauan Seribu is facing several problems and one of them is environmental issues caused by lack of proper waste management system. Waste that are generated from households largely consist of organic waste as the result of community’s food daily consumption such as leftover food which becomes organic waste. They are supported by several institutions to rise local economic. In Pramuka, trash also ended up in the coastal from other island or Jakarta. It is due to ocean currents and tide phenomenon. Furthermore, this research will continue in 4 years and try to identify the socio-economic impact of marine debris to coastal communities.