We review the current policy with respect to carbon emission reduction in Indonesia. This objective is put in the context of the current development challenges. The study involves analysis on trends and drivers of emissions, as well as a series of simulation with regards to fuel subsidy elimination, connectivity improvement, and provision of better public transportation. The policy review includes a discussion on the recently issued INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions). We conclude that Indonesia’s aspiration to achieve a low carbon economy still face significant challenges and that the INDC needs significant improvement.
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