Fishing without License: An Obstacle to 2030 Agenda


Illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing – IUU fishing for short – costs Indonesia at least 9 trillion rupiahs every year. Such was said by Mr. Zulficar Mochtar, the Head of Research and Human Resource Division, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Indonesia.

The potential lost estimate is conservative, calculated from 12 out of about 800 fishing ports across Indonesia.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports Indonesia as the second largest marine capture producer globally, but Indonesia is not among the global main exporters of fish and fishery products. IUU is to take the blame, such as fishing by unregistered foreign ships and selling marine captures outside of Indonesia.

As a matter of fact, IUU fishing is considered as the main problem in Indonesia’s marine fishery sector. “IUU fishing activities have been around for about 20 to 30 years, but most people are not aware of this,” said Mr. Mochtar.

Nevertheless, Mr. Mochtar was optimistic that Indonesia would achieve SDG 14 by 2030. Under the leadership of Mrs. Susi Pudjiastuti, Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesia is making serious efforts in eliminating IUU fishing, reforming fishery management. Among other things, the ministry issued a moratorium on fishing permits and bans trans-shipment of marine capture (Regulations of the Minister of Fishery and Marine No. 56/2014 and No. 57/2014). The minister is also famous for sinking illegal fishing boats.

In effect, this will increase Indonesia’s fish biomass, fish catch, and overall profit from marine capture fisheries, and support Indonesia’s effort to achieve sustainable use of marine resources by the year 2030.

Mr. Mochtar spoke in front of more than 250 people participating in the seminar on “Illegal, Unregulated, and Unreported Fishing and Sustainable Development” held at Unpad’s Bale Sawala, March 31. The seminar was held as a collaboration between SDGs Center and Faculty of Fishery and Marine Studies Universitas Padjadjaran at Bale Sawala, UNPAD’s Jatinangor campus.

The seminar was a part of the seminar series held by SDGs Center UNPAD, intended to build awareness of Sustainable Development Goals agenda in 2030. This seminar was especially focused on SDG 14: Conserve and Sustainably Use of the Oceans, Seas, and Marine Resources for Sustainable Development.